Sunday, 28 August 2016

Kurdish Y-DNA Haplogroups Frequencies by Regions

Most of the data is from 23andMe and FTDNA.

Used publications:
Gokcumen et al., 2011
Grugni et al., 2012
Malyarchuk et al., 2013
Cristofaro et al., 2013

1. Adana, Aleppo, Dîlok, Mereş, n: 6, confidence: very low
2. Agirî, Bedlîs, Wan, n: 8, confidence: very low
3. Amed, Elêzîz, Riha, n: 13, confidence: low
4. Colemerg, Duhok, Mêrdîn, Şengal, Şirnex, n: 9, confidence: very low
5. Çewlig, Mûş n: 8, confidence: very low
6. Dêrsim, n: 55, confidence: high
7. Erzingan, Erzirom, Sewas, n: 10, confidence: low
8. Hewlêr, n: 6, confidence: very low
9. Îlam, Kirmaşan, Baghdad, n: 35, confidence: medium
10. Kerkûk, Silêmanî, n:14, confidence: low
11. Konya, Ankara, n: 44, confidence: high
12. Meledî, Semsûr, n: 6, confidence: very low
13. Sine, n: 86, confidence: very high

N total: 300


Region code:



Frequency Maps:
















PCA and Dendrogram:





Kurdish Tribes Y-DNA Haplogroups

Northern Kurds Y-DNA Haplogroups






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Tuesday, 29 March 2016

Kurdish Tribes Y-DNA Haplogroups

Updated: 12.09.2016

Today, I want to present some Kurdish tribes Y-DNA haplogroup results across the Kurdistan. Thanks to project admin of Dersim DNA Project for his work.

For Dêrsim region I've used Nuri Dêrsimî's nomenclature for the tribes from his book "Dêrsim in the history of Kurdistan" (1952)


Not to forget to mention we have a new blog called FeyliDnaProject.blogspot. We received many Feyli results thanks to him.

Also checkout the Feyli.se website if you want to learn more about Feyli Kurdish tribes mentioned below.




Dêrsim and its tribes - N. Dêrsimî, 1952
Great family clans and confederacies in Kurdistan - M. Izady, 1998

South and Southeastern Kurdistan: Tribes and Clans- M. Izady, 2002

Alan - R1a-M173>L62>YP5664 - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 461580
Alan - R1a1a1-M173>L62>M417 - Dêrsim, Kurmanji FTDNA: ?
Alxan - R1b1a2a2a-M173>M343>M269>L23>L584 - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 510248
Areyan - J1a2-M267>L136>PF7263>ZS4440 - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 454546
Areyan - R1b1a2a2a-M173>M343>M269>L23>L584 - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: N102077
Arelan - R1b1a2a2a-M173>M343>M269>L23>L584 - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 366762
Azîzî - G2a2b1a1a-P287>L31>L30>M406>L14 - Agirî, Kurmanjî

Balaban - J2a1h2d-M172>M410>L26>L24>L192 - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346263
Balaban - R1b1a2a2a-M173>M343>M269>L23>L584- Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346241
Balakan - E1b1b1a1b1a-M35>M78>V13 - Soran, Sorani
Bamasûran - R1b1a2-M173>M343>M269 (L23-) - Elêzîz, Zaza
Berzencî - J1a2-M267>L136>PF7263 - Silêmanî, Sorani FTDNA: 415187
Berzencî - J1a2b2-M267>P58>Z18297 - Silêmanî, Sorani FTDNA: N88767
Berzencî - R1a1a1b2a2-M173>L62>M417>Z94>Z2124>Z2125 - Silêmanî, Sorani FTDNA: 415189

Çarekan - R1b1a2a2a-M173>M343>M269>L23>L584>FGC14594 - Erzirom, Zaza FTDNA: 178932

Demenan - R1b1a2a2a-M173>M343>M269>L23>L584 - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346253
Derwiş Cemelan - J2-M172 - Dêrsim - Zaza FTDNA: ?

Elî Şerwan - J1a2-M267>L136>PF7263 - Îlam,  Feyli
Elî Şerwan-Çiraxwend - E1b1b1b2a1-M35>M34 - Îlam,  Feyli
Elî Şerwan-Çiraxwend - J1-M267 (M365-, P56-, P58-) - Îlam,  Feyli

Ginîan - J2a1h2d-M172>M410>L26>L24>L192 - Sewas, Zaza FTDNA: 343979
Ginîan - E1b1b1b2a1-M35>M34>M84 - Sewas, Zaza FTDNA: 454549

Hawramî - J2a1b-M172>M410>L26>M67>Z467 - Silêmanî - Gorani FTDNA: 199581
Heyderan - J2a1a-M172>M410>L26>M47 - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346262

Îzolan - E1b1b1b2a1-M35>M34>M84 - Elêzîz, Kurmanji

Jaff (Caf) - E1b1b1b2a1-M35>M34>M84 - Silêmanî, Sorani FTDNA: 188408
Jaff (Caf) - J2a1h2a1-M172>M410>L26>L24>Z387>L70 - Silêmanî, Sorani FTDNA: 376203

Karsanan - H1a1a-M82 - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346295
Karsanan - R1b1a2a2a-M173>M343>M269>L23>L584 - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: E13227
Kewan-Beytan - R1b1a2a2a-M173>M343>M269>L23>L584 - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: B13560
Kewan-Maqsudan - R1b1a2a2a-M173>M343>M269>L23>L584 - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346254
Kirxan - R1a1a1-M173>L62>M417 - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: ?
Kolanî - E1b1b1a1a1-M35>M78>V22 - Qerabax, Kurmanji FTDNA: 205303
Kurêyşan - J2a1a-M172>M410>L26>M47 - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346282

Lertîgan - E1b1b1b2a1-M35>M34>M84>FGC18401 - Çewlig, Kurmanji FTDNA: 329840
Lolan - J2a1h2d-M172>M410>L26>L24>L192  - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: N100593

Melik Şahî - E1b1b1a1-M35>M78 (V12-, V13-, V22-, V65-) - Îlam,  Feyli
Menîkan - R1b1a2a2a-M173>M343>M269>L23>L584 - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346266
Mîran - I2a2a-M438>M223 - Hewlêr, Sorani FTDNA: 415167
Mûsî - J1-M267 (M365-, P56-, P58-) - Îlam,  Feyli

Pîlvenkan - R1a1a1b2a2-M173>L62>M417>Z94>Z2124 - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346260
Pezkewran - R1b1a2a2a-M173>M343>M269>L23>L584 - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: ?

Qoçgirîan - J1a2b2-M267>P58>Z2313>Z1884>L829 - Sewas, Kurmanji FTDNA: 311329

Sinêmîlan - R1b1a2a2a-M173>M343>M269>L23>L584 - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: ?

Şadîan - E1b1b1b2a1-M35>M34>M84>FGC18401 - Erzingan, Kurmanji FTDNA: 311328
Şadîan - J1a2b2-M267>P58>Z2313>Z1884>L829 - Sewas, Kurmanji FTDNA: 456206
Şadîan - L1b2b-M22>M317>PH8 - Çewlig, Kurmanji FTDNA: 292179
Şadîan - R1a1a1b2a2-M173>L62>M417>Z94>Z2124 - Dêrsim, Kurmanji FTDNA: 346265
Şadîan - R1a1a1b2a2-M173>L62>M417>Z94>Z2124>Z2125
 - Êrêvan, Kurmanji FTDNA: 453857

Talabanî - J2a1h2-M172>M410>L26>L24>Z387 - Kerkûk - Sorani FTDNA: 429046
Tirikan - R1a1a1-M173>L62>M417 - Konya - Kurmanji

Xiran - E1b1b1b2a1-M35>M34>M84 - Dêrsim, Kurmanji
Xizil - J2a1a-M172>M410>L26>M47 - Îlam,  Feyli
Xizil - G2a2b-P287>L31>L30 - Îlam,  Feyli
Xocavendî - G2a2b2a-P287>L31>L30>P303 - Qerabax,  Kurmanji

Usivan - R1b1a2a2a-M173>M343>M269>L23>L584 - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: E18159 



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Northern Kurds Y-DNA Haplogroups

Kurdish Y-DNA Haplogroups Frequencies by Regions

Visit KurdishDNA.blogspot.com for a complete look of Kurdish paternal haplogroups.

Azerbaijan DNA Project
Iranian DNA Project
Iraq DNA Project 

Thursday, 13 August 2015

Revisiting Kurdish autosomal DNA (Eurogenes version)

Updated: 30.12.2015

Today,  I want to present Kurdish results using Eurogenes K13, presented on GEDmatch.com. Thanks to all the contributors of this post. This is an update of the previous experiment with using a different calculator and more individuals included. The calculator is supposed to be without calculator effect, thus it should present more clear results.

Kurdish sub-groups
Êzidî: 1
Feyli: 4
Kurmanji: 22
Sorani: 11
Zazaki: 18

Neighbouring peoples
Armenian: 20
Assyrian: 11
samples

ADMIXTURE results using Eurogenes K13. (Population Averages)

There is not much difference between sub-groups other than expected gradual variation by the geography. Overall they're pretty close. Feylis score the highest West+South Asian additionally the lowest West Med+North Atlantic. As shown at previous experiments, It is really hard to distinguish between Kurmanjis and Zazakis from overall admixture makeup so I'll take them as one. While Zazakis are just a hair lower, Kurmanjis score the highest North Atlantic+West Med and the lowest Red Sea, while Zazakis score the lowest South Asian, again Kurmanjis follow Zazakis just a hair behind. Kurmanjis, Soranis, Zazakis score similar level of Baltic admixture.

Contemporary Kurdistan
Feylis= Southern
Sorani = Central, Eastern, Southern
Kurmanji = Northern, North-eastern, North-western, Western, Far-western, additionally Central Anatolia and Xorasan exclaves
Zazaki = Far-Western, North-western, North-eastern, Western


Distances between Kurdish groups and their neighbours:

Kurds_F Kurds_S Kurds_E Kurds_K Kurds_Z Iranians Armenians  Assyrians Turkish
Kurds_F 0 3.9 4.1 4.6 4.5 3.1 13.3 13.6 14.9
Kurds_S 3.7 0 3.3 2.4 2.4 4.0 11.2 12.0 11.6
Kurds_E 4.1 3.3 0 3.5 2.9 5.6 9.9 10.9 12.7
Kurds_K 4.9 2.4 3.5 0 1.3 5.8 10.7 12.2 10.8
Kurds_Z 4.4 2.4 2.9 1.3 0 5.6 10.2 11.4 11.3
Iranians 3.1 4.0 5.6 5.8 5.6 0 13.9 13.8 14.2
Armenians 13.4 11.2 9.9 10.7 10.2 13.9 0 4.2 11.4
Assyrians 13.8 12.0 10.9 12.2 11.4 13.8 4.2 0 13.2
Turkish 14.9 11.6 12.7 10.8 11.3 14.2 11.4 13.2 0

Overall the closest people to Kurdish groups are their linguistic cousins, Iranians. Then Armenians, Assyrians, Turks. Syrians, Iraqis, Georgians are quite distant from Kurds hence excluded.

Despite having different religious beliefs and divided by international borders, Kurds are genetically quite homogeneous. When comparing Kurdish groups with their neighbours, there is no any sub clusters appear because of aforementioned reason. They all fall in the same cluster except a few admixed individuals. Therefore, We need to exclude neighbours to get finer details.

There are only 3 sub-clusters when all samples are considered(n=56). #2 seems like individuals with recent Armenian/-like ancestry. Thanks to more samples from broader Kurdistan, this time division between  clusters is finer and there is no clear cut borders like previous experiment. We can say first group is merely Northern or second group is merely Southern. Because both clusters have all Kurdish groups:

#1 Northern/Western
#2 Individuals with recent foreign admixture
#3 Southern/Eastern
(see Results by class: )


Distances between the class centroids:

1
2
3
1
0
7.1
4.4
2
7.1
0
7.0
3
4.4
7.0
0



Class centroids:
Class
1
2
3
North Atlantic
3.9
3.7
2.5
Baltic
3.9
2.0
5.7
West Med
7.4
9.2
7.0
West Asian
40.4
38.1
37.5
East Med
29.1
34.8
30.4
Red Sea
5.1
4.3
6.1
South Asian
7.4
5.7
8.2
East Asian
0.4
0.3
0.3
Siberian
1.0
0.5
0.9
Amerindian
0.7
0.6
0.6
Oceanian
0.2
0.2
0.2
Northeast African
0.4
0
0.3
Sub Saharan
0.1
0.6
0.3

Results by class:
Class
       1
2
3
KRD000K
 KRD002K
 KRD003K
KRD005K
KRD012Z
KRD006K
KRD007K
KRD019K
KRD038K
KRD033K
KRD044K
KRD051K
KRD063K
KRD060K
KRD091K
KRD093K
KRD100K
KRD098K
KRD158K
KRD116K
KRD184K
KRD166K
KRD045E
KRD185K
KRD008Z
KRD001Z
KRD058Z
KRD004Z
KRD059Z
KRD039Z
KRD064Z
KRD048Z
KRD070Z
KRD077Z
KRD072Z
KRD078Z
KRD076Z
KRD086Z
KRD101Z
KRD029S
KRD102Z
KRD032S
KRD104Z
KRD047S
KRD030S
KRD061S
KRD031S
KRD089S
KRD138S
KRD092S
KRD192S
KRD148S
KRD036F
KRD034F
Kurds_E
KRD035F
Kurds_K
KRD090F
Kurds_Z
Kurds_F
Kurds_S






Same dendrogram instead of ID codes, member's locations



Click image to expand

Partly admixed individuals:

Euclidean distance:
KRD002K 
KRD012Z
ARM13
ARM19
ASY08
ARM
6,2
6,0
4,9
6,8
5,1
ASY
8,9
6,7
7,3
8,3
4,6
Kurds_F
10,0
8,2
10,8
9,2
9,7
Kurds_S
8,1
7,0
8,5
7,4
8,1
Kurds_E
6,3
4,9
7,7
6,8
7,1
Kurds_K
6.9
7,0
7,4
6,7
8,3
Kurds_Z
6,7
6,1
7.0
6,0
7,5

Participant Map: