Tuesday, 29 March 2016

Kurdish tribes Y-DNA Haplogroups

Updated: 26.08.2016

Today, I want to present some Kurdish tribes Y-DNA haplogroup results across the Kurdistan. Thanks to project admin of the Dersim DNA Project for his work.


For Dêrsim region I've used Nuri Dêrsimî's nomenclature for the tribes from his book "Dêrsim in the history of Kurdistan" (1952)



Not to forget to mention we have a new blog called FeyliDnaProject.blogspot. We received many Feyli results thanks to him.

Also checkout the Feyli.se website if you want to learn more about Feyli Kurdish tribes mentioned below.





Dêrsim and its tribes - N. Dêrsimî, 1952
Great family clans and confederacies in Kurdistan - M. Izady, 1998

South and Southeastern Kurdistan: Tribes and Clans- M. Izady, 2002

Alan - R1a (L62+, YP5018+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 461580
Alan - R1a1a1 (L62+, M417+) - Dêrsim, Kurmanji FTDNA: ?
Alxan - R1b1a2a2a (M269+, L23+, L584+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 510248
Areyan - J1a2 (M267+, L136+, PF7263+, ZS4440+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 454546
Areyan - R1b1a2a2a (M269+, L23+, L584+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: N102077
Arelan - R1b1a2a2a (M269+, L23+, L584+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 366762

Balaban - J2a1h2d (M172+, L192+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346263
Balaban - R1b1a2a2a (M269+, L23+, L584+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346241
Balakan - E1b1b1a1b1a (M35+,V68+, M78+, V13+) - Soran, Sorani
Bamasûran - R1b1a2 (M269+, L23-) - Elêzîz, Kurmanji
Berzencî - J1a2b2 (M267+, P58+, Z18297+) - Silêmanî, Sorani FTDNA: N88767

Çarekan - R1b1a2a2a (M269+, L23+, L584+, FGC14594+) - Erzirom, Zaza FTDNA: 178932

Demenan - R1b1a2a2a (M269+, L23+, L584+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346253
Derwiş Cemelan - J2 (M172+) - Dêrsim - Zaza FTDNA: ?

Elî Şerwan - J1a2 (M267+, L136+, PF7263+) - Îlam,  Feyli
Elî Şerwan (Çiraxwend clan) - E1b1b1b2a1 (M35+, Z827+, M34+) - Îlam,  Feyli

Elî Şerwan (Çiraxwend clan) - J1 (M267+) - Îlam,  Feyli

Ginîan - J2a1h2d (M172+, L192+) - Sewas, Zaza FTDNA: 343979
Ginîan - E1b1b1 (M35+) - Sewas, Zaza FTDNA: 454549

Hawramî - J2a1b (M172+, L26+, M67+, Z467+) - Silêmanî - Gorani FTDNA: 199581
Heyderan - J2a1a (M172+, L26+, M47+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346262

Jaff (Caf) - E1b1b1b2a1a (M35+, M34+, M84+) - Silêmanî, Sorani FTDNA: 188408
Jaff (Caf) - J2a1h2 (M172+, Z438+, Z387+, L70+) - Silêmanî, Sorani FTDNA: 376203

Karsanan - H1 (M69+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346295
Karsanan - R1b1a2a2a (M269+, L23+, L584+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: E13227
Kewan (Beytan clan) - R1b1a2a2a (M269+, L23+, L584+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: B13560
Kewan (Maqsudan clan) - R1b1a2a2a (M269+, L23+, L584+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346254
Kirxan - R1a1a1 (L62+, M417+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: ?
Kurêyşan - J2a1a (M172+, L26+, M47+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346282

Lertîgan - E1b1b1b2a1a (M35+, M34+, M84+, FGC18401+) - Çewlig, Kurmanji FTDNA: 329840
Lolan - J2a1h2d (M172+, L192+)  - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: N100593

Melik Şahî - E1b1b1a1 (M35+, M78+, V12-, V13-, V22-, V65-) - Îlam,  Feyli
Menîkan - R1b1a2a2a (M269+, L23+, L584+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346266
Mîran - I2a2a (M223+) - Hewlêr, Sorani FTDNA: 415167
Mûsî - J1 (M267+) - Îlam,  Feyli

Pîlvenkan - R1a1a1b2a2 (L62+, M417+, Z94+, Z2124+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346260
Pezkewran - R1b1a2a2a (M269+, L23+, L584+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: ?

Qoçgirîan - J1a2b2 (M267+, P58+, Z2313+, Z1884+, L829+) - Sewas, Kurmanji FTDNA: 311329

Sinêmîlan - R1b1a2a2a (M269+, L23+, L584+) - Dêrsim - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: ?

Şadîan - E1b1b1b2a1a (M35+, M34+, M84+, FGC18401+) - Erzingan, Kurmanji FTDNA: 311328
Şadîan - J1a2b2 (M267+, P58+, Z2313+, Z1884+, L829+) - Sewas, Kurmanji FTDNA: 456206
Şadîan - L1b2b (M22+, PH8+) - Çewlig, Kurmanji FTDNA: 292179
Şadîan - R1a1a1b2a2 (L62+, M417+, Z94+, Z2124+) - Dêrsim, Kurmanji FTDNA: 346265

Talabanî - J2a1h2 (M172+, Z438+) - Kerkûk - Sorani FTDNA: 429046
Tirikan - R1a1a (L62+, M417+) - Konya - Kurmanji

Xiran - E1b1b1b2a1a (M35+, M34+, M84+) - Dêrsim, Kurmanji
Xizil - J2a1a (M172+, L26+, M47+) - Îlam,  Feyli
Xizil - G2a2b (L31+, L30+) - Îlam,  Feyli

Usivan - R1b1a2a2a (M269+, L23+, L584+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: E18159


Corduene.blogspot Participant Map

Northern Kurds Y-DNA Haplogroups

Visit KurdishDNA.blogspot.com for a complete look of Kurdish paternal haplogroups.

Iranian DNA Project
Iraq DNA Project 

Thursday, 13 August 2015

Revisiting Kurdish autosomal DNA (Eurogenes version)

Updated: 30.12.2015

Today,  I want to present Kurdish results using Eurogenes K13, presented on GEDmatch.com. Thanks to all the contributors of this post. This is an update of the previous experiment with using a different calculator and more individuals included. The calculator is supposed to be without calculator effect, thus it should present more clear results.

Kurdish sub-groups
Êzidî: 1
Feyli: 4
Kurmanji: 22
Sorani: 11
Zazaki: 18

Neighbouring people
Armenian: 20
Assyrian: 11
samples

ADMIXTURE results using Eurogenes K13. (Population Averages)



There is not much difference between sub-groups other than expected gradual variation by the geography. Overall they're pretty close. Feylis score the highest West+South Asian additionally the lowest West Med+North Atlantic. As shown at previous experiments, It is really hard to distinguish between Kurmanjis and Zazakis from overall admixture makeup so I'll take them as one. While Zazakis are just a hair lower, Kurmanjis score the highest North Atlantic+West Med and the lowest Red Sea, while Zazakis score the lowest South Asian, again Kurmanjis follow Zazakis just a hair behind. Kurmanjis, Soranis, Zazakis score similar level of Baltic admixture.

Contemporary Kurdistan
Feylis = Southern
Soranis = Central, Eastern, Southern
Kurmanjis = Northern, North-eastern, North-western, Western, Far-western, additionally Central Anatolia and Xorasan exclaves
Zazas = Far-Western, North-western, North-eastern, Western

Distances between Kurdish groups and their neighbours:

Kurds_F Kurds_S Kurds_E Kurds_K Kurds_Z Iranians Armenians  Assyrians Turkish
Kurds_F 0 3.9 4.1 4.6 4.5 3.1 13.3 13.6 14.9
Kurds_S 3.7 0 3.3 2.4 2.4 4.0 11.2 12.0 11.6
Kurds_E 4.1 3.3 0 3.5 2.9 5.6 9.9 10.9 12.7
Kurds_K 4.9 2.4 3.5 0 1.3 5.8 10.7 12.2 10.8
Kurds_Z 4.4 2.4 2.9 1.3 0 5.6 10.2 11.4 11.3
Iranians 3.1 4.0 5.6 5.8 5.6 0 13.9 13.8 14.2
Armenians 13.4 11.2 9.9 10.7 10.2 13.9 0 4.2 11.4
Assyrians 13.8 12.0 10.9 12.2 11.4 13.8 4.2 0 13.2
Turkish 14.9 11.6 12.7 10.8 11.3 14.2 11.4 13.2 0

Overall the closest people to Kurdish groups are their linguistic cousins, Iranians. Then Armenians, Assyrians, Turks. Syrians, Iraqis, Georgians are quite distant from Kurds hence excluded.

Despite having different religious beliefs and divided by international borders, Kurds are genetically quite homogeneous. When comparing Kurdish groups with their neighbours, there is no any sub clusters appear because of aforementioned reason. They all fall in the same cluster except a few admixed individuals. Therefore, We need to exclude neighbours to get finer details.

There are only 3 sub-clusters when all samples are considered(n=56). #2 seems like individuals with recent Armenian/-like ancestry. Thanks to more samples from broader Kurdistan, this time division between  clusters is finer and there is no clear cut borders like previous experiment. We can say first group is merely Northern or second group is merely Southern. Because both clusters have all Kurdish groups:

#1 Northern/Western
#2 Individuals with recent foreign admixture
#3 Southern/Eastern
(see Results by class: )


Distances between the class centroids:


1 2 3
1 0 7.14.4
2 7.1 0 7.0
3 4.47.00

Class centroids: Class 1 2 3
North Atlantic 3.9 3.7 2.5
Baltic 3.9 2.0 5.7
West Med 7.4 9.2 7.0
West Asian 40.4 38.1 37.5
East Med 29.1 34.8 30.4
Red Sea 5.1 4.3 6.1
South Asian 7.4 5.7 8.2
East Asian 0.4 0.3 0.3
Siberian 1.0 0.5 0.9
Amerindian 0.7 0.6 0.6
Oceanian 0.2 0.2 0.2
Northeast African 0.4 0 0.3
Sub Saharan 0.1 0.6 0.3





Results by class:
Class        1 2 3
KRD000K  KRD002K  KRD003K
KRD005K KRD012Z KRD006K
KRD007K KRD019K
KRD038K KRD033K
KRD044K KRD051K
KRD063K KRD060K
KRD091K KRD093K
KRD100K KRD098K
KRD158K KRD116K
KRD184K KRD166K
KRD045E KRD185K
KRD008Z KRD001Z
KRD058Z KRD004Z
KRD059Z KRD039Z
KRD064Z KRD048Z
KRD070Z KRD077Z
KRD072Z KRD078Z
KRD076Z KRD086Z
KRD101Z KRD029S
KRD102Z KRD032S
KRD104Z KRD047S
KRD030S KRD061S
KRD031S KRD089S
KRD138S KRD092S
KRD192S KRD148S
KRD036F KRD034F
Kurds_E KRD035F
Kurds_K KRD090F
Kurds_Z Kurds_F
Kurds_S



Same dendrogram instead of ID codes, member's locations


Click image to expand



Partly admixed individuals:

Euclidean distance:
KRD002K  KRD012Z ARM13 ARM19 ASY08
ARM 6,2 6,0 4,9 6,8 5,1
ASY 8,9 6,7 7,3 8,3 4,6
Kurds_F 10,0 8,2 10,8 9,2 9,7
Kurds_S 8,1 7,0 8,5 7,4 8,1
Kurds_E 6,3 4,9 7,7 6,8 7,1
Kurds_K 6.9 7,0 7,4 6,7 8,3
Kurds_Z 6,7 6,1 7.0 6,0 7,5

Participant Map:

Thursday, 9 July 2015

Northern Kurds Y-DNA Haplogroups

Update: 26.08.2016

Haplogroup E:
E1b1b1 (M35+) - Dêrsim, Kurmanji FTDNA: ?
E1b1b1 (M35+) - Sewas, Zaza FTDNA: 454549
E1b1b1a1 (M35+, M78+, V12-, V13-, V22-, V65-) - Colemêrg, Kurmanji
E1b1b1a1 (M35+, M78+, V12-, V13-, V22-, V65-) - Riha, Kurmanji
E1b1b1b2a1a (M35+, M34+, M84+) - Amed, Kurmanji
E1b1b1b2a1a (M35+, M34+, M84+) - Bedlîs, Kurmanji FTDNA: 177807
E1b1b1b2a1a (M35+, M34+, M84+) - Dêrsim, Kurmanji
E1b1b1b2a1a (M35+, M34+, M84+) - Dêrsim, Kurmanji
E1b1b1b2a1a (M35+, M34+, M84+) - Dêrsim, Zaza
E1b1b1b2a1a (M35+, M34+, M84+) - Dêrsim, Zaza
E1b1b1b2a1a (M35+, M34+, M84+) - Dêrsim, Zaza
E1b1b1b2a1a (M35+, M34+, M84+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: E11601
E1b1b1b2a1a (M35+, M34+, M84+) - Elêzîz, Kurmanji
E1b1b1b2a1a (M35+, M34+, M84+) - Konya, Kurmanji
E1b1b1b2a1a (M35+, M34+, M84+, FGC18401+) - Çewlig, Kurmanji FTDNA: 329840
E1b1b1b2a1a (M35+, M34+, M84+, FGC18401+) - Erzingan, Kurmanji FTDNA: 311328
E1b1b1b2a1a (M35+, M34+, M84+, FGC18401+) - Kurdistan, Kurmanji FTDNA: E12292

Haplogroup G:
G2a (L31+) - Dîlok, Kurmanji
G2a (L31+) - Meledî, Kurmanji
G2a (L31+) - Meledî, Kurmanji
G2a2b1a1b2a (L31+, L30+, L645+) - Mûş, Zaza FTDNA: 346259

Haplogroup H:
H1 (M69+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346295

Haplogroup I2:
I2a2a (M223+) - Adana, Kurmanji

Haplogroup J1:
J1 (M267+) - Dêrsim, Zaza
J1 (M267+) - Kurdistan, Kurmanji FTDNA: E12246
J1 (M267+) - Mûş, Kurmanji FTDNA: N98360
J1 (M267+, Y19093+) - Erzirom, Zaza FTDNA: E11334 YFULL: YF04860
J1a2 (M267+, L136+, PF7263+, ZS4440+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 454546
J1a2b (M267+, P58+) - Dêrsim, Zaza
J1a2b2 (M267+, P58+, Z2313+, Z1884+) - Semsûr, Zaza FTDNA: 378238
J1a2b2 (M267+, P58+, Z2313+, Z1884+, L829+) - Sewas, Kurmanji FTDNA: 456206
J1a2b2 (M267+, P58+, Z2313+, Z1884+, L829+) - Sewas, Kurmanji FTDNA: 311329
J1a2b3a (M267+, P58+, L818+, L816-) - Bedlîs, Kurmanji FTDNA: N91920
J1a3a (M267+, Z1842+) - Agirî, Kurmanji FTDNA: 366759
J1a3a (M267+, Z1842+, BY100+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 393253

Haplogroup J2:
J2 (M172+) - Dêrsim, Kurmanji
J2 (M172+) - Dêrsim, Kurmanji
J2 (M172+) - Dêrsim, Zaza
J2 (M172+) - Dêrsim, Zaza
J2 (M172+) - Dêrsim, Zaza
J2 (M172+) - Dêrsim, Zaza
J2 (M172+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: ?
J2 (M172+) - Duhok, Kurmanji
J2 (M172+) - Mereş, Kurmanji
J2 (M172+) - Mereş, Kurmanji FTDNA: 342396
J2 (M172+) - Mûş, Zaza
J2a (M172+, PF5174+) - Efrîn, Kurmanji FTDNA: 184022
J2a1a (M172+, M47+) - Bedlîs, Kurmanji FTDNA: 251196
J2a1a (M172+, M47+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346262
J2a1a (M172+, M47+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346282
J2a1a (M172+, M47+) - Duhok, Êzidî
J2a1b (M172+, M67+, M92-) - Dêrsim, Zaza
J2a1b1 (M172+, M67+, M92+) - Dêrsim, Kurmanji
J2a1h2 (M172+, Z438+) - Meledî, Kurmanji
J2a1h2 (M172+, Z438+, Z387+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346290
J2a1h2d (M172+, L192+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346263
J2a1h2d (M172+, L192+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: N100593
J2a1h2d (M172+, L192+) - Sewas, Zaza FTDNA: 343979
J2a1h2d (M172+, L192+) - Wan, Kurmanji FTDNA: 366769
J2a1h2d (M172+, L192+, FGC30635+) - Amed, Zaza FTDNA: 361119

Haplogroup L:
L1 (M22+, M27-, M357-, M317-) - Kurdistan, Kurmanji
L1b2b (M22+, PH8+) - Amed, Kurmanji FTDNA: 420786
L1b2b (M22+, PH8+) - Çewlig, Kurmanji FTDNA: 292179

Haplogroup Q:
Q1b1 (M378+) - Erzingan, Zaza

Haplogroup R1a:
R1a (L62+, SRY10831.2-) - Agirî, Kurmanji
R1a (L62+, SRY10831.2-) - Şengal, Êzidî
R1a (L62+, YP5018+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 461580
R1a1a1 (L62+, M417+) - Çewlig, Zaza
R1a1a1 (L62+, M417+) - Dêrsim, Kurmanji
R1a1a1 (L62+, M417+) - Dêrsim, Kurmanji FTDNA: ?
R1a1a1 (L62+, M417+) - Dêrsim, Zaza
R1a1a1 (L62+, M417+) - Dêrsim, Zaza
R1a1a1 (L62+, M417+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: ?
R1a1a1 (L62+, M417+) - Elêzîz, Kurmanji
R1a1a1 (L62+, M417+) - Elêzîz, Zaza
R1a1a1 (L62+, M417+) - Konya, Kurmanji
R1a1a1 (L62+, M417+) - Meledî, Kurmanji
R1a1a1 (L62+, M417+) - Mêrdîn, Kurmanji
R1a1a1 (L62+, M417+) - Şirnex, Kurmanji
R1a1a1b1a (L62+, M417+, Z282+, YP4858+) - Konya, Kurmanji FTDNA: 214352
R1a1a1b2a (L62+, M417+, Z94+) - Bedlîs, Kurmanji FTDNA: 487600
R1a1a1b2a2 (L62+, M417+, Z94+, Z2124+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346260
R1a1a1b2a2 (L62+, M417+, Z94+, Z2124+) - Dêrsim, Kurmanji FTDNA: 346265
R1a1a1b2a2b2 (L62+, M417+, Z94+, Z2124+, Y2631+) - Bedlîs, Kurmanji FTDNA: 209438

Haplogroup R1b:
R1b1a2 (M269+) - Mêrdîn, Kurmanji FTDNA: N30165
R1b1a2 (M269+, L23-) - Elêzîz, Kurmanji
R1b1a2 (M269+, L23-) - Zaxo, Kurmanji
R1b1a2a (M269+, L23+) - Amed, Kurmanji
R1b1a2a (M269+, L23+) - Dêrsim, Kurmanji
R1b1a2a (M269+, L23+) - Dêrsim, Kurmanji
R1b1a2a (M269+, L23+) - Dêrsim, Zaza
R1b1a2a (M269+, L23+) - Dêrsim, Zaza
R1b1a2a (M269+, L23+) - Dêrsim, Zaza
R1b1a2a (M269+, L23+) - Dêrsim, Zaza
R1b1a2a (M269+, L23+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: ?
R1b1a2a (M269+, L23+) - Xorasan, Kurmanji
R1b1a2a1a (M269+, P310+/P311+, P312-, M405-) - Dêrsim, Zaza
R1b1a2a2a (M269+, L23+, L584+) - Çewlig, Kurmanji FTDNA: E18502
R1b1a2a2a (M269+, L23+, L584+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346241
R1b1a2a2a (M269+, L23+, L584+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346253
R1b1a2a2a (M269+, L23+, L584+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346254
R1b1a2a2a (M269+, L23+, L584+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 346266
R1b1a2a2a (M269+, L23+, L584+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: 510248
R1b1a2a2a (M269+, L23+, L584+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: B13560
R1b1a2a2a (M269+, L23+, L584+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: E13227
R1b1a2a2a (M269+, L23+, L584+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: E17724
R1b1a2a2a (M269+, L23+, L584+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: E18159
R1b1a2a2a (M269+, L23+, L584+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: N82126
R1b1a2a2a (M269+, L23+, L584+) - Dêrsim, Zaza FTDNA: N102077
R1b1a2a2a (M269+, L23+, L584+, FGC14594+) - Erzirom, Zaza FTDNA: 178932

Haplogroup R2:
R2a (M124+) - Çewlig, Zaza

Haplogroup T:
T1a (M70+) - Duhok, Kurmanji
T1a (M70+) - Erzingan, Zaza
T1a (M70+) - Hama, Kurmanji
T1a1a1b2b2b1a (M70+, P77+) - Elêzîz, Kurmanji FTDNA: 346269





Corduene.blogspot Participant Map

Visit KurdishDNA.blogspot.com for a complete look of Kurdish paternal haplogroups.

Friday, 19 September 2014

Participants distances

Revisiting Kurdish Autosomal DNA is updated with new 4 Zaza samples. Thought I should post participants distances to major Kurdish groups and individuals.

You can download the results here

Corduene.blogspot Participant Map

Sunday, 9 February 2014

Revisiting Kurdish autosomal DNA

Update: 19.09.2014

I thought I should merge all samples of KurdishDNA and this blog and try to shed some light on. Here's the total of 34 samples from all over the contemporary Kurdistan.

Ezidi: 2
Feyli: 3
Kurmanji: 15
Sorani: 10
Zazaki: 9
of samples

First all major subgroups' ADMIXTURE values from Dodecad K12b calculator.(Population Averages)


There is not much of difference between sub-groups other than expected gradual variation by the geography. Feylis score the highest Gedrosia+pseudo South Asian+lowest Mediterranean and Zazaki's highest Caucasus+lowest pseudo South Asian, Kurmanjis similar to Zazakis additionally have highest Atlantic-Mediterrean and North European components.

Contemporary Kurdistan

Distances between dialect and religious sub-groups

Kurds_F Kurds_S Kurds_E Kurds_K Kurds_Z
Kurds_F 0 2,809 2,243 5,920 6,047
Kurds_S 2,809 0 2,665 5,109 5,540
Kurds_E 2,243 2,665 0 5,788 6,250
Kurds_K 5,920 5,109 5,788 0 1,519
Kurds_Z 6,047 5,540 6,250 1,519 0

There appears to be only 3 sub-groups when all samples are considered(n=34),  #2 is a Kurdish exclave outside of the contemporary Kurdistan:
#1 Northern/Western (Kurmanji, Zazaki)
#2 Central Anatolian Kurds (Kurdên Anatoliya Navîn)
#3 Southern/Eastern (Ezidi, Sorani, Feyli)
(see Results by class: )

Reminder this North/South divide is more pronounced because of the sample bias. See my previous post about Participants Map, most northern samples are from Dersim and most southern samples are from Silêmanî. If there were more samples between those areas gradual difference would be much more finer.

Distances between the class centroids:

       1 2 3
1 0 4,825 5,350
2 4,825 0 6,730
3 5,350 6,730 0

Class centroids: Class 1 2 3
Caucasus 42,141 38,678 38,820
Gedrosia 24,215 22,863 27,667
Southwest Asian 13,323 14,265 14,865
Atlantic Med 7,912 9,588 6,842
North European 6,927 9,260 5,592
South Asian 2,423 2,500 2,953
Siberian 0,948 0,780 1,150
East Asian 0,733 1,080 0,532
Southeast Asian 0,316 0,130 0,355
Northwest African 0,776 0,425 0,777
East African 0,258 0,360 0,338
Sub Saharan 0,063 0,000 0,105

Results by class:
Class 1 2 3
KRD0000K KRD0003K KD008E
KRD0001Z KRD0010K KD043E
KRD0002K KRD0011K KD009S
KRD0004Z KD010S
KRD0005K KD012S
KRD0006K KD013S
KRD0007K KD014S
KRD0008Z KD032S
KRD0009K KD033S
KRD0012Z KD034S
KRD0019K KD048S
KRD0039Z KD026F
KRD0044K KD027F
KRD0048Z KD025F
KRD0051K Kurds_F
KRD0052K Kurds_S
KRD0058Z Kurds_E
KRD0059Z
KRD0064Z
KD007K
KD023K
KD011S
Kurds_K
Kurds_Z





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